Zoophytography: Ecocritical Approaches to Amazonian Cultural Productions


In this project I examine texts, films and other cultural productions depicting Amazonian nature from the perspective of ecocriticism. I begin by analyzing the accounts of travels in the area by early Spanish and Portuguese explorers and missionaries; I subsequently turn to portrayals of the region by North European naturalists, who emphasized the scientific significance of local fauna and flora; I then discuss the so-called “jungle novel,” which flourished during the first half of the 20th century; in the end of the study, I examine portrayals of the territory from the mid-20th century onwards by authors, filmmakers and artists who were heavily influenced by environmentalist thought. The book aims to assess what texts, films and artworks on the Amazon reveal about the Western relationship towards the environment from early Modernity to our days.